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VOA慢速英语:Hop、skip和jump三个动词的辨析

必威 www.017xhd.cn 2019-05-27 15:33     供稿单位: 新航道    

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  How to Use Hop, Skip and Jump

  Hop、skip和jump这三个词如何使用


  Today on Ask a Teacher, we answer a question from a Facebook friend.

  在今天的Ask a Teacher栏目中,我们回答了一位Facebook朋友的问题

  Question:

  问题:

  Guadalupe writes, “Hello! Could you explain what are the differences between hop, jump and skip? Thank you!!”

  瓜达卢普写道:“哈喽!你能给我解释下hop、jump和skip这三个词之间的不同吗?谢谢你!”

  Answer:

  回答:

  Hi, Guadelupe! What a fun question! We usually say the words in this order: “hop, skip, and jump.” This expression brings back memories of my childhood and when my children were young. Children are always moving and these verbs describe three actions they love to do. Let’s talk about their meanings and give examples of how English speakers use them.

  嗨,瓜达卢普!这个问题问得很有趣!我们通?;岚凑照庋乃承蚨琳庑┑ゴ剩骸癶op、skip和skip?!闭庵直泶锓绞绞刮一匾淦鹞业耐旰偷蔽液⒆踊鼓暧椎氖焙?。孩子们总是在运动而这些动词描述了他们喜欢做的三个动作。我们一起讨论下他们的意思并列举一些说英语的人使用它们的实例。


  Hop

  We say a person hops when they jump upward on one foot or make a series of jumps on one foot. When people hop, they usually stay in about the same place. For animals, we say they hop when they jump with two feet or all of their feet at one time. Think of how a bunny rabbit moves: The animal is hopping.

  当某人用一只脚向前跳一下或者用一只脚跳了好几下时,我们说这个人在单脚跳行(hop)。当人们单脚跳行时,他们通常待在同一个地点附近。用来形容动物时,当它们用双脚或者它们所有的脚同时跳跃时,我们称他们在齐足跳行。想一下小兔子是如何奔跑的:这个动物在齐足跳行。

  Another use of the word “hop” comes from the 1960s. It can mean an informal dance for young people. American Bobby Darin sang about a girl who was the “queen of the hop.”

  单词“hop”的另外一种用法来自二十世纪六十年代。对于年轻人可以意味着一次非正式舞会。美国的巴比·达林歌唱了一位被称作“舞会女王”的年轻女孩。

  I got a girl they call the queen of the hop, oh well I love my queen...

  我遇见一个女孩,他们称她为舞会女王,哦我爱我的女王……

  And you have probably heard of the name “hip-hop.” That form of music first became popular in New York City in the 1980s.

  你可能已经听过这个名字“嘻哈”。那种形式的音乐首次于二十世纪八十年代于纽约流行起来。


  Skip

  Skip means to move forward in a light, playful way by stepping from one foot to the other with a hop or bounce. Have you ever seen a young child moving so that one foot hits the ground and slides a little before they take another step? That is skipping, and children usually do it when they are happy.

  Skip的意思是以一种轻盈有趣的方式向前移动,往往是两只脚轮替向前踏,运动中单脚跳行和上下蹦跶。你有没有见到过一个年幼的小孩像这样向前移动:一只脚踏在地上然后滑行一点儿接着才迈出第二步?那就是在蹦蹦跳跳地走,并且孩子们通常在他们高兴的时候才会那样做。

  In addition, “skipping rope” is a game where you hold a rope in both hands and move it under your feet with each step.

  除此之外,“跳绳”是一种游戏。游戏中你会双手拿着一根绳然后每一步都将它移动到你的脚下。


  Jump

  Finally, jump means to push the body into the air using one’s legs.

  最后,jump的意思是用脚将身体推向空中。

  Children love jumping on beds. So adults teach them the song, “Five Little Monkeys,” which warns of what can happen when someone falls.

  孩子们喜欢在床上跳。所以成人教他们唱《》五只小猴子》这首歌。警告孩子们当有人摔倒时会发生什么。

  Five little monkeys jumping on the bed

  One fell off and bumped his head

  Mama called the doctor

  And the doctor said

  No more monkeys jumping on the bed...

  五只小猴子在床上跳

  一只猴子摔倒了碰到了脑袋

  猴子妈妈打电话叫来医生

  医生说

  任何猴子不能再在床上跳了

  Hop, skip or jump?

  Now, a few final words of advice:

  现在,关于这些单词的最后的一点儿建议:

  ★If you want to describe a quick movement in almost the same place with one foot or both feet together, use “hop.”

  如果你想用描述一只脚或双脚在几乎同一个地方快速移动,请使用“hop”。

  ★When you talk about forward movement with little hops and steps, use “skip.”

  当你谈论的向前移动包含单腿跳行和迈步时,使用“skip”。

  ★And when the movement goes farther, use the word “jump.”

  当单个动作更远时,用单词“jump”。

  And that’s Ask a Teacher!

  那是Ask a Teacher栏目的全部内容。

  I’m Jill Robbins, and I’m hopping out of here!

  我是吉尔·罗宾斯。我要单腿跳着离开这儿了!



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